What is CBD Oil and Where Does it Come From?
CBD (Cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid – a cannabinoid is a naturally occurring component of the hemp or cannabis plant. While CBD may come from cannabis and hemp plants, its counterpart, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is what is responsible for the 'high' that is associated with marijuana. CBD is non-intoxicating and many believe it has immense health and wellness benefits. Once CBD is extracted from the hemp or cannabis plant, it is diluted with a carrier oil such as hemp or coconut oil.
CBD can be derived from either the Cannabis plant or from Hemp plants. So, without complicating things, below are the explanations of how each type is derived from the said plants.
Cannabis Derived CBD Oil
Cannabis-derived CBD oil is, as its name suggests, derived from the Cannabis sativa L. plant, also known as the marijuana plant. These plants naturally produce many different substances, including CBD (Cannabidiol), THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and various terpenes and flavonoids.
All of these substances can be extracted using various methods thanks to the highly advanced technology we have. In fact, not only can they be extracted, but they can be completely isolated from the Cannabis sativa L. plant. This allows us to isolate CBD and use it in products.
To extract CBD from cannabis plants, there are a few processes that can be used, and these methods vary depending on the company. The two most popular methods are to extract the CBD through a process called winterization, which uses a CO2 solvent to extract the CBD oil. The second most popular process is called “cold press” which is essentially the same process, but it takes a little more time to complete. The same extraction methods can be used to extract terpenes, flavonoids, and THC from cannabis, so it quite an effective and complete method to use.
The fact that THC can be completely removed from CBD is one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs. THC is the component in Cannabis that creates a psychoactive effect on the body and makes a person feel “high”. One can take CBD Oil without any risk of feeling inhibited or “high” when Cannabidiol is extracted and isolated from THC.
To make a CBD Oil that is legal for sale in the UK the CBD, more times than not when extracting from a cannabis plant, the CBD needs to be isolated. This is due to Cannabis plants having a higher THC content than Hemp. After the extraction process is complete, then comes the isolation process which can consist of using a number of solvents which isolate one specific component in the Cannabis extract.
Once CBD is isolated to 99% purity, the CBD is ready to use in many different ways, and to be presented as such, or in a number of different products or presentations. Many companies sell pure CBD isolate as well as CBD infused products for the optimal choice of selection.
Hemp Derived CBD Oil
Hemp-derived CBD is derived from (you guessed it!) the Cannabis sativa plant, known also as the hemp plant. The Cannabis sativa plant is very similar to the Cannabis sativa L. plant when it comes to the oils and other naturally produced components, for it produces CBD, terpenes, and flavonoids. The amount of these components produced is lower than what would be from the Cannabis sativa L, so a lot more plants are used in the production when extracting CBD from hemp plants. Another big difference between the two is that the hemp plant produces such minimal amounts of THC that they are hardly traceable in lab tests.
In the case of hemp CBD, there is no need to feel at risk of feeling inhibited or experiencing any psychoactive effects whatsoever, since the minuscule traceable amount of THC in hemp isn’t nearly enough to produce any effects on the body.
Of course, any reputable CBD company will always put their products through meticulous and thorough lab tests to make sure all is as it should be, and creates transparency and trust for consumers looking to purchase their product. This can be safe to say for both Cannabis Derived CBD and Hemp Derived CBD.
The extraction process is the same for extracting CBD or other naturally occurring components from hemp plants as it is for extracting CBD and other naturally occurring components from cannabis plants. This creates a perfectly convenient and sure way for companies to produce both kinds of CBD oil.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil & Why Do I See It Everywhere?
Full Spectrum CBD Oil contains more than just CBD. Full Spectrum CBD is basically the whole plant extract and it contains many additional naturally occurring vitamins, fatty acids, dietary fibre, cannabinoids and terpenes, flavonoids, etc. that make the CBD oil much more rounded as a dietary supplement in many people’s opinion.
Full spectrum CBD Oil usually will have a small amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), but no more the legal amount of 0.2%. This is because it is very hard to separate the THC from a whole plant extract.
This CBD oil variation can come from either Cannabis sativa plants or Cannabis sativa L. plants. There is typically, again, no difference between the two plants, as they only have one prominent difference, which is the amount of naturally occurring THC. Typically, most full spectrum oils will be hemp derived due to their low THC content.
There are many people who believe in a theory which is called the “entourage effect”, which essentially states that CBD may be more effective to the body when it is taken simultaneously with the plants’ other naturally occurring components, such as terpenes and flavonoids, and even THC.
This is because traditionally, marijuana and hemp were used in their natural form, in which no components were isolated or omitted; and, as they were used medicinally and ceremoniously, the plants were considered to have many benefits, and people believe that by taking out or omitting these essential components, one does not get the full effect of the CBD.
Scientific research has actually lead to the discovery of the many benefits of terpenes, many of which occur in hemp and cannabis as well as in other flora, so adding terpenes to your daily CBD dosage isn’t altogether a bad idea, according to many.
Does CBD Oil Benefit the Human Body?
Throughout CBD’s rise in popularity, this has been a much-asked question, and rightly so.The human body (and animals) actually has two types of cannabinoid receptors. Think of them as special molecules that grab cannabinoids. These are part of what is called the endocannabinoid system. The fact that the everyone has an endocannabinoid system containing these receptors suggests that cannabinoids play a natural role within the body and the immune system.
Unfortunately, as of now, there has not been enough concrete answers or findings in medical studies to support CBD's medical benefits on the body and immune system. This is definitely unfortunate, because all we know is what effects CBD has on animals, and a very small percentage of humans who have volunteered to try CBD for research purposes, but again, these would not be considered to concrete enough to determine what CBD does in favour to the human body.
There are many different institutions, universities, and non-profit organisations all over the world that have taken the task of studying CBD and its benefits or uses in terms of health improvement, and there are currently numerous studies being carried out at the moment. Hopefully, in the near future there will be enough evidence to support many of the great claims made about CBD.
Due to the lack of research, or better said, concrete answers and proven theories, the UK’s MHRA (Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency) has chosen to categorise CBD as a “dietary supplement”, which means that it can benefit the body thanks to its content of nutrients, which in CBD’s case, is a collection of fatty acids, fibre, vitamins and minerals, and terpenes.
The public has received this fairly well because they do find that many of the products containing CBD have also a mix of different essential oils, nutrients and fatty acids that benefit the body, so they are benefited either way through their product. But many claim that products with CBD in them have benefited them in other ways.
Whether or not you can benefit from CBD itself is unclear, but regardless, most CBD products have a high content of other nutritious and beneficial ingredients.
To sum this all up, now you know how CBD is extracted from Cannabis plants and hemp plants and what Full Spectrum CBD Oil is. Of course, we can’t say for sure that CBD has benefited or will benefit anyone, but as long as the MHRA considers it a beneficial dietary supplement, we encourage you to give it a try and see for yourself what CBD is and how you can use it in your daily life. If you have any additional questions or comments, please feel welcome to contact us at any time, we are always here to help you.